Gwenaël Abril - Personal Page
Directeur de Recherche au CNRS
Laboratoire EPOC - Environnements et Paléoenvironnements Océaniques et Continentaux  
Université de Bordeaux - France    
Pesquisador Visitante Especial do CNPq - Programa Ciência Sem Fronteiras    
Departamento de Geoquímica    
Universidade Federal Fluminense - Niterói RJ - Brasil    
Cycle du Carbone dans les Ecosystèmes Aquatiques
My previous web page
Ciclo do Carbono nos Ecossistemas Aquáticos
Carbon Cycle in Aquatic Ecosystems
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River Systems


Coastal Lagoons





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Recherches / Pesquisas

CARBAMA est un projet de recherche portant sur le bilan de carbone du fleuve Amazone et de ses plaines d'inondation.

CARBAMA is a research project that deals with the carbon balance of the Amazon River and its floodplains.

CARBAMA é um projeto de pesquisa que se concerne sobre o balanço do Carbono do Rio Amazonas e de suas planícies de inundação.


CNP-Leyre (2013-2016) est un projet de recherche du Labex COTE qui associe notre laboratoire aux unités EPHYSE & TCEM de l'INRA Bordeaux. Il vise à comprendre et quantifier les flux de carbone, d'azote et de phosphore transitant à travers l'interface terrestre-aquatique, avec pour site atelier le bassin de la Leyre.

O projeto "CO2 fluxes in Brazilan Coastal Ecosystems", coordenado pelo Prof. Bastiaan Knoppers do departamento de Geoquimica da UFF, foi aprovado pelo programa Ciências sem Fronteiras du CNPq. Esta colaboração e amizade franco-brasileira foi iniciada com trabalhos de campo na Baia de Guanabara (RJ).




2015 and in press

[77]. Abril G., Bouillon S., Darchambeau F., Teodoru C., Marwick T., Tamooh F., Ochieng Omengo F., Geeraert N., Deirmendjian L., Polsenaere P. and Borges A.V. (2015) Technical Note: Large overestimation of pCO2 calculated from pH and alkalinity in acidic, organic-rich freshwaters. Biogeosciences 12: 67-78.

[76]. Cotovicz Jr L.C., Knoppers B.A., Brandini N., Da Costa S.S.J., and Abril G. (2015) A large CO2 sink enhanced by eutrophication in a tropical coastal embayment (Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil). Biogeosciences Discussions 12: 4671-4720.

[75]. Mortillaro J. M., Pouilly M., Wach M., Freitas C. E. C., Abril G. and Meziane T. (2015) Trophic opportunism of central Amazon floodplain fish. Freshwater Biology, doi:10.1111/fwb.12598.

[74]. Pacheco F.S., Soares M.C.S. Assireu A.T., Curtarelli M.P., Roland F., Abril G., Stech J.L., Alvalá P.C., and Ometto J.P. (2015) River inflow and retention time affecting spatial heterogeneity of chlorophyll and water-air CO2 fluxes in a tropical hydropower reservoir. Biogeosciences 12: 147-162.

[73]. Sobrinho R.L., Bernardes M.C., Abril G., Kim J.-H., Zell C.I., Mortillaro J.-M., Meziane T., Moreira-Turcq P., and Sinninghe Damsté J.S. (2015) Spatial and seasonal contrasts of sedimentary organic carbon in floodplain lakes of the central Amazon basin. Biogeosciences Discussion, 12, 8747-8787, doi:10.5194/bgd-12-8747-2015.


[72]. Abril G., Martinez J.-M., Artigas L.F., Moreira-Turcq P., Benedetti M.F., Vidal L., Meziane T., Kim J.-H., Bernardes M.C., Savoye N., Deborde J., Albéric P., Souza M.F.L., Souza E.L. and Roland F. (2014) Amazon River Carbon Dioxide Outgassing fuelled by Wetlands. Nature, 505: 395–398.

[71]. Fuentes-Cid A., Etcheber H., Schmidt S., Abril G., De Oliveira E., Lepage M. and, Sottolichio A. (2014) Dynamics of coarse particulate matter in the turbidity maximum zone of the Gironde Estuary. Comptes Rendus Géoscience 346: 28–36.





[70]. Abril G., Deborde J., Savoye N., Mathieu F., Moreira-Turcq P., Artigas L.F., Meziane T., Takiyama L.R., Souza M.S. and Seyler P. (2013) Export of 13C-depleted dissolved inorganic carbon from a tidal forest bordering the Amazon Estuary. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 129 : 23-27.

[69]. Abril G., Parize M., Pérez M.A.P. and Filizola N. (2013) Wood decomposition in Amazonian hydropower reservoirs: an additional source of greenhouse gases. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 44: 104-107.

[68].Garnier J., Vilain G., Silvestre M., Billen G., Jehanno S., Poirier D., Martinez A., Decucq C., Cellier P. and Abril G. (2013) Budget of methane emissions from soils, livestock and the river network at the regional scale of the Seine basin (France). Biogeochemistry DOI 10.1007/s10533-013-9845-1.

[67]. Lanoux A., Etcheber H., Schmidt S., Sottolichio A., Chabaud G., Richard M. and Abril G. (2013) Factors contributing to hypoxia in a highly turbid, macrotidal estuary (the Gironde, France). Environ. Sci.: Processes Impacts, 2013, 15, 585 DOI: 10.1039/C2EM30874F.

[66]. Polsenaere P., Savoye N., Etcheber H., Canton M., Poirier D., Bouillon S. and Abril G. (2013) Export and degassing of terrestrial carbon through watercourses draining a temperate podsolised catchment. Aquatic Sciences. DOI 10.1007/s00027-012-0275-2.

[65]. Polsenaere P., Deborde J., Detandt G., Vidal L.O., Pérez M.A.P., Marieux V. and Abril G. (2013) Thermal enhancement of gas transfer velocity of CO2 in an Amazon floodplain lake revealed by Eddy Covariance. Geophysical Research Letters 40: 1734–1740, doi:10.1002/grl.50291.

[64]. Zell C., Kim J.-H., Abril G., Lima Sobrinho R., Dorhouta D., Moreira-Turcq P., and Sinninghe Damsté J. S. (2013) Impact of seasonal hydrological variation on the distributions of tetraether lipids along the Amazon River in the central Amazon basin: Implications for the MBT/CBT paleothermometer and the BIT index. Frontiers in Microbiology doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2013.00228.

[63]. Zell C., Kim J.-H., Moreira-Turcq P., Abril G., Hopmans E., Bonnet M.-P., Lima Sobrinho R. and Sinninghe Damsté J .S. (2013) Disentangling the origins of branched tetraether lipids and crenarchaeol in the lower Amazon River: Implications for GDGT-based proxies. Limnology and Oceanography 58: 343-353.





[62]. Mortillaro J.M., Rigal F., Rybarczyk H., Bernardes M., Abril G., Meziane T. (2012) Particulate organic matter distribution along the lower Amazon River: addressing aquatic ecology concepts using fatty acids. PLoS ONE. 7(9): e46141. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0046141

[61]. Borges A. V., Bouillon S., Abril G., Delille B., Poirier D., Commarieu M.-V., Lepoint G., Morana C., Servais P., Descy J.-P. and Darchambeau F. (2012) Variability of carbon dioxide and methane in the epilimnion of Lake Kivu. In J.-P. Descy et al. (eds.), Lake Kivu: Limnology and biogeochemistry of a tropical great lake, Aquatic Ecology Series 5, Springer DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-4243-7_4. 47-66.

[60]. Kim J.H., Zell C., Moreira-Turcq P., Pérez M.A.P., Abril G., Mortillaro J.M., Weijers J.W.H., Meziane T., and Sinninghe Damsté J.S. (2012) Tracing soil organic carbon in the lower Amazon River and its tributaries using GDGT distributions and bulk organic matter properties. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 90: 163–180.

[59]. Luyssaert S., Abril G., Andres R., Bastviken D., Bellassen V., Bergamaschi P., Bousquet P., Chevallier F., Ciais P., Corazza M., Dechow R., Erb K.-H., Etiope G., Fortems-Cheiney A., Grassi G., Hartman J., Jung M., Lathière J., Lohila A., Moosdorf N., Njakou Djomo S., Otto J., Papale D., Peters W., Peylin P., Raymond P., Rodenbeck C., Saarnio S., Schulze E.-D., Szopa S., Verkerk P. J., Vuichard N., Wang R., Wattenbach M., Zaehle S. (2012) The European land and inland water CO2, CO, CH4 and N2O balance between 2001 and 2005. Biogeosciences, 9, 3357–3380.

[58]. Polsenaere P. and Abril G. (2012) Modelling CO2 degassing from small acidic rivers using water pCO2, DIC and δ13C-DIC data. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 91: 220–239.

[57]. Polsenaere P., Lamaud E., Lafon V., Bonnefond J.-M., Bretel P., Delille B., Deborde J., Loustau D. and Abril G. (2012). Spatial and temporal CO2 exchanges measured by Eddy Correlation over a temperate intertidal flat and relations with net ecosystem production. Biogeosciences 9, 249–268.

[56]. Savoye N., David V., Morisseau F., Etcheber H., Abril G., Billy I., Charlier K., Oggian G., Deriennic H. and Sautour B. (2012) Origin and composition of particulate organic matter in a macrotidal turbid estuary: the Gironde Estuary, France. Estuarine and Coastal Schelf Sciences 108: 16-28.







[55]. Borges A.V., and Abril G. (2011) Carbon dioxide and methane dynamics in estuaries. In Treatise on Coastal and Estuarine Science.Volume 8 - Biogeochemistry. Elsevier. 119-161.

[54]. Borges A. V., Abril G., Delille B., Descy J.-P. and Darchambeau F. (2011) Diffusive methane emissions to the atmosphere from lake Kivu (Eastern Africa). Journal of Geophysical Research 116, G03032, doi:10.1029/2011JG001673.

[53]. Lopes F., Viollier E., Thiam A., Michard G., Abril G., Groleau A., Prévot F., Carrias J.-F., Albéric P. and Jézéquel D. (2011). Biogeochemical modelling of anaerobic vs. aerobic methane oxidation in a meromictic crater lake (Lake Pavin, France). Applied Geochemistry 26: 1919–1932.

[52]. Mortillaro J. M., Abril G., Moreira-Turcq P., Sobrinho R.L., Perez M and Meziane T. (2011) Fatty acid and stables isotopes (δ13C, δ15N) signatures of particulate organic matter in the Lower Amazon River: seasonal contrasts and connectivity between floodplain lakes and the mainstem. Organic Geochemistry 42: 1159–1168.

[51]. Bouchet S., Bridou R., Tessier E., Rodriguez-Gonzalez P., Monperrus M., Abril G. and Amouroux D. (2011). An experimental approach to investigate mercury species transformations under redox oscillations in coastal sediments. Marine Environmental Research 71: 1-9.


[50]. Abril G., Commarieu M.V., Etcheber H., Deborde J., Deflandre B., Zivadinovic M.K., Chaillou G., and Anschutz P. (2010) In vitro simulation of oxic/suboxic diagenesis in an estuarine fluid mud subjected to redox oscillations. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 88: 279-291.

[49]. Deborde J., Anschutz P., Guérin F., Poirier D., Marty D., Boucher G., Thouzeau G., Canton M. and Abril G. (2010) Methane sources, sinks and fluxes in a temperate tidal lagoon. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 89: 256-266.

[48]. Koné Y. J. M., Abril G., Delille B. and Borges A.V. (2010) Seasonal variability of methane in the rivers and lagoons of Ivory Coast (West Africa). Biogeochemistry 100:21–37.

[47]. Huguet A., Vacher L., Saubusse S., Etcheber H., Abril G., Relexans S., Ibalot F. and Parlanti E. (2010) New insights into the size distribution of fluorescent dissolved organic matter in estuarine waters. Organic Geochemistry 41: 595–610.

[46]. Luyssaert S., Ciais P., Piao S., Schulze, E.-D., Jung M., Zaehle S., Reichstein M., Churkina G., Papale D., Abril G., Beer C., Grace J., Loustau D., Matteucci G., Magnani F., Schelhaas M.-J., Nabuurs G.-J., Verbeeck H., Sulkava M., van der Werf G. and Janssens I. (2010) The European carbon balance revisited. Part 3: forests. Global Change Biology 16: 1429–1450

[45]. Schulze E.D., Ciais P., Luyssaert S., Schrumpf M., Janssens I.A., Thiruchittampalam B., Theloke J., Saurat M., Bringezu S., Lelieveld J., Lohila A., Rebmann C., Jung M., Bastviken D., Abril G., Grassi G., Leip A., Freibauer A., Kutsch W., Don A., Nieschulze J., Börner A., Gash J., Dolman A.J. (2010) The European carbon balance. Part 4: integration of carbon and other trace-gas fluxes. Global Change Biology 16: 1451–1469.


[44]. Abril G., Commarieu M.V., Sottolichio A., Bretel P. and Guérin F. (2009) Turbidity limits gas exchange in a large macrotidal estuary. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 83: 342–348.

[43]. Abril G. (2009) Comment on: "Underwater measurements of carbon dioxide evolution in marine plant communities: A new method" by J. Silva et al. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 82: 357–360.

[42]. Bouillon S., Abril G., Borges A.V., Dehairs F., Govers G., Hughes H., Merckx R., Meysman F.J.R., Nyunja J., Osburn C., & Middelburg J.J. (2009) Distribution, origin and cycling of carbon in the Tana River (Kenya): a dry season basin-scale survey from headwaters to the delta. Biogeosciences 6: 2475–2493.

[41]. De Junet A., Abril G., Guérin F., Billy I. and De Wit R. (2009) A multi-tracers analysis of sources and transfers of particulate organic matter in a tropical reservoir (Petit Saut, French Guiana). River Research and Applications 25: 253-271.

[40]. Koné Y. J. M., Abril G., Kouadio K. N., Delille B. and Borges A.V. (2009) Seasonal variability of carbon dioxide in the rivers and lagoons of Ivory Coast (West Africa). Estuaries and Coasts 32: 246-260.




[39]. Abril G. and Guérin F. (2008) Les barrages tropicaux: émetteurs de gaz à effet de serre. Pour la Science, numéro spécial sur l'eau, Janvier 2008.

[38] Ciais P., Borges A.V., Abril G., Meybeck M., Folberth G., Hauglustaine D. and Janssens I.A. (2008). The impact of lateral carbon fluxes on the European carbon balance Biogeosciences 5: 1259-1271.

[37] Ciais P., Borges A.V., Abril G., Meybeck M., Folberth G., Hauglustaine D. and Janssens I.A. (2008). The lateral carbon pump, and the European carbon balance In: A.J. Dolman et al. (eds.), The Continental-Scale Greenhouse Gas Balance of Europe. Springer Science. pp 314-360.

[36]. Deborde J., Abril G., Mouret A., Jézéquel D., Thouzeau G., Clavier J., Bachelet G. and Anschutz P. (2008) Effects of seasonal dynamics of a Zostera noltii meadow on phosphorus and iron cycles in a tidal mudflat (Arcachon Bay, France) Marine Ecology, Progress Series 355: 59–71.

[35]. Deborde J., Anschutz P., Auby I., Glé C., Maurer D., Lecroart P., Commarieu M.V. and Abril G. (2008) Role of the tidal pumping on nutrient cycling in a temperate lagoon (Arcachon Bay, France) Marine Chemistry 109: 98–114.

[34]. Guérin F., Abril G., Tremblay A. and Delmas R. (2008) Nitrous oxide emissions from tropical hydroelectric reservoirs. Geophysical Research Letters 35, doi:10.1029/2007GL033057.

[33]. Guérin F., Abril G., De Junet A. and Bonnet M.P. (2008) Anaerobic decomposition of tropical soils and plant material: implication for the CO2 and CH4 budget of the Petit Saut Reservoir. Applied Geochemistry 23: 2272-2283.

[32]. Kristensen E., Flindt M.R., Ulomi S., Borges A.V., Abril G. and Bouillon S. (2008) Emission of CO2 and CH4 to the atmosphere by sediments and open waters in two Tanzanian mangrove forests. Marine Ecology, Progress Series 370: 53–67.





[31]. Abril G., Commarieu M.-V and Guérin F. (2007) Enhanced methane oxidation in an estuarine turbidity maximum. Limnology and Oceanography 52: 470–475.

[30]. Bouillon S., Middelburg J.J., Dehairs F., Borges A.V., Abril G., Flindt M.R., Ulomi S. and Kristensen E. (2007). Importance of intertidal sediment processes and porewater exchange on the water column biogeochemistry in a pristine mangrove creek (Ras Dege, Tanzania) Biogeosciences 4: 311–322.

[29]. Bouillon S., Dehairs F., Velimirov B., Abril G., and Borges A.V. (2007). Dynamics of organic and inorganic carbon across contiguous mangrove and seagrass systems (Gazi bay, Kenya) Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences 112, doi:10.1029/2006JG000325.

[28]. Deborde J., Anschutz P. Chaillou G., Etcheber H., Commarieu M.-V., Lecroart P. and Abril G. (2007) Phosphorus dynamics in turbid estuarine systems: Example of the Gironde estuary (France). Limnology and Oceanography 52: 862–872.

[27]. Etcheber H., Taillez A., Abril G., Garnier J., Servais P., Moatar F. and Commarieu M.-V. (2007) Particulate organic carbon in the estuarine turbidity maxima of the Gironde, Loire and Seine estuaries: origin and lability. Hydrobiologia, 588: 245-259.

[26]. Guérin F. and Abril G. (2007) Significance of pelagic aerobic methane oxidation in the methane and carbon budgets of a tropical reservoir. Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, 112, doi:10.1029/2006JG000393.

[25]. Guérin F., Abril G., Serça D., Delon C., Richard S., Delmas R., Tremblay A., and Varfalvy L. (2007) Gas transfer velocities of CO2 and CH4 in a tropical reservoir and its river downstream. Journal of marine systems, 66: 161-172.


[24]. Abril G., Richard S. and Guérin F. (2006) In-Situ measurements of dissolved gases (CO2 and CH4) in a wide range of concentrations in a tropical reservoir using an equilibrator. Science of the total Environmen. 354: 246-251.

[23]. Borges A.V., Schiettecatte L.-S., Abril G., Delille B. and Gazeau F. (2006) Carbon dioxide in European Coastal waters. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 70(3): 375-387.

[22]. Guérin F., Abril G., Richard S., Burban B., Reynouard C., Seyler P. and Delmas R. (2006) Methane and carbon dioxide emissions from tropical reservoirs: significance of downstream rivers. Geophysical Research letters 33, L21407, doi:10.1029/2006GL027929.


[21]. Abril G., Guérin F., Richard S., Delmas R., Galy-Lacaux C., Gosse P., Tremblay A., Varfalvy L., Dos Santos M.A. and Matvienko B. (2005) Carbon dioxide and methane emissions and the carbon budget of a 10-year old tropical reservoir (Petit-Saut, French Guiana). Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 19: GB4007, doi:10.1029/2005GB002457.

[20]. Coynel A., Etcheber H., Abril G., Maneux E., Dumas J. & Hurtrez J.H (2005) Contribution of small mountainous rivers to particulate organic carbon input in the Bay of Biscay. Biogeochemistry 74: 151–171.

[19]. Fontugne M., Maro D., Tenailleau L., Abril G., Commarieu M.-V., Germain P., Hébert D., Rozet M., Voiseux C., Solier L., Noury C., Hatté C. and Paterne M. (2005) Radionuclides transfer between water and atmosphere in the Loire estuary (FLORE project). Radioprotection, 40: 557-562.


[18]. Abril G., Commarieu M-V, Maro D, Fontugne M, Guérin F. & Etcheber H. (2004) A massive dissolved inorganic carbon release at spring tide in a highly turbid estuary. Geophysical Research Letters 31, L09316, doi:10.1029/2004GL019714.

[17]. Abril G. and Borges A.V. (2004). Carbon dioxide and methane emissions from estuaries. In: Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Fluxes and Processes. Hydroelectric Reservoirs and Natural Environments. A. Tremblay, L. Varfalvy, C. Roehm and M. Garneau (Eds) Environmental Science Series, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York. 187-207.

[16]. Borges A.V., Delille B. Schiettecatte L-S, Gazeau F. Abril G. & Frankignoulle M. (2004). Gas transfer velocities of CO2 in three European estuaries (Randers Fjord, Scheldt and Thames). Limnology and Oceanography. 49(5): 1630-1641.

[15]. Delmas R., Richard R., Guérin F., Abril G., Galy-Lacaux C., Delon C. & Grégoire A. (2004) Long term greenhouse gas emissions from the hydroelectric reservoir of Petit Saut (French Guiana) and potential impacts. In: Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Fluxes and Processes. Hydroelectric Reservoirs and Natural Environments. A. Tremblay, L. Varfalvy, C. Roehm and M. Garneau (Eds) Environmental Science Series, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York. 293-312.

[14]. Robert S., Blanc G., Schaefer J., Lavaux G. & Abril G. (2004) Metal mobilization in the Gironde Estuary (France): the role of the soft mud layer in the maximum turbidity zone. Marine Chemistry 87: 1-13.


[13]. Abril G., Etcheber H., Delille B., Frankignoulle M. & Borges A.V (2003) Carbonate dissolution in the turbid and eutrophic Loire estuary. Marine Ecology, Progress Series 259: 129-138.

[12]. Bouillon S., Frankignoulle M., Dehairs F., Velimirov B., Eiler A., Abril G., Etcheber H. & Borges A.V. (2003) Inorganic and organic carbon biogeochemistry in the Gautami Godavari estuary (Andhra Pradesh, India) during pre-monsoon: the local impact of extensive mangrove forests. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 17:1114.


[11]. Abril G., Nogueira M., Etcheber H., Cabeçadas G., Lemaire E. & Brogueira M.J. (2002) Behaviour of organic carbon in nine contrasting European estuaries. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 54: 241-262.

[10]. Abril G. & Iversen N. (2002) Methane dynamics in a shallow, non-tidal, estuary (Randers Fjord, Denmark). Marine Ecology, Progress Series 230: 171-181.

[9]. Lemaire E., Abril G., De Wit R. & Etcheber H. (2002) Effect of turbidity on phytoplankton pigments degradation in the Gironde estuary. Comptes Rendus Géosciences 334: 251-258.

[8]. Lemaire E., Abril G., De Wit R. & Etcheber H. (2002) Phytoplankton pigments in nine European estuaries: implications for an estuarine typology. Biogeochemistry 59: 5-23.

[7]. Tessier E., Amouroux D., Abril G., Lemaire E., & Donard O.F.X. (2002) Formation and volatilisation of alkyl-Iodides and -Selenides in macrotidal estuaries. Biogeochemistry 59: 183-206.


[6]. Abril G. and Frankignoulle M. (2001) Nitrogen-Alkalinity interactions in the highly polluted Scheldt basin (Belgium). Water Research 35: 844-850.

[5]. Tseng C.M., Amouroux D., Abril G., Tessier E., Etcheber H. & Donard O.F.X. (2001) Speciation of Mercury in a Fluid Mud profile from a Highly Turbid Estuary (The Gironde, France). Environmental Science and Technology 35: 2627-2633.


[4]. Abril G., Riou S., Etcheber H., Frankignoulle M., De Wit R. & Middelburg J.J. (2000) Transient, tidal time-scale Nitrogen transformations in an estuarine turbidity maximum-fluid mud system (The Gironde, France). Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 50: 703-715.

[3]. Abril G., Etcheber H., Borges A.V. & Frankignoulle M. (2000) Excess atmospheric carbon dioxide transported by rivers into the Scheldt Estuary. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences Série IIA 330: 761-768.


[2]. Abril G., Etcheber H., Le Hir P., Bassoullet P., Boutier B. & Frankignoulle M. (1999) Oxic/anoxic oscillations and organic carbon mineralization in an estuarine maximum turbidity zone (The Gironde, France). Limnology and Oceanography 44: 1304-1315.


[1]. Frankignoulle M., Abril G., Borges A., Bourge I., Canon C., Delille B., Libert E. & Théate J.M. (1998) Carbon dioxide emission from European estuaries. Science 282: 434-436.

Collaborateurs / Colaboradores
Projets actuels / Projetos atuais

Bastiaan Knoppers, UFF, Niteroi, Brasil

Patricia Turcq, IRD, Lima, Pérou
Alberto Vieira Borges, ULg, Liège, Belgium
Fabio Roland, UFJF, Juiz de Fora, Brasil
Tarik Meziane, BOREA, Paris, France
Naziano Filizola Jr., UFAM, Manaus, Brasil
Nicolas Savoye, EPOC, Arcachon, France
Denis Lousteau, INRA, Villenave d'Ornon, France
Jean-Michel Martinez, IRD, Toulouse
Luis Felipe Artigas, LOG, Wimereux, France
  Marc Benedetti, IPGP, Paris, France Marcelo Bernardes, UFF, Niteroi, Brasil
Anciens projets / Projetos antigos Henri Etcheber, EPOC, Bordeaux, France Pierre Anshutz, EPOC, Bordeaux, France
  Bruno Delille, ULg, Liège, Belgique Sandrine Richard, Hydreco, Kourou, Guyane Française
  Robert Delmas, La Réunion, France Gérard Thouzeau, LEMAR, Brest, France
  Didier Jézequel, IPGP, Paris, France Aldo Sottolichio, EPOC, Bordeaux, France
  Patrice Bretel, Caen, France Denis Maro, IRSN, Cherbourg, France
  Steven Bouillon, Leuven, Belgium David Amouroux, LCABIE, Pau, France
  Philippe Cerdan, Hydreco, Kourou, Guyane Française Rutger De Wit, Montpellier, France
  Michel Meybeck, Sisyphe, Paris, France Niels Iversen, Aalborg, Denmark
  Jack J. Middelburg, NIOO, Yerseke, the Netherlands Michel Frankignoulle, ULg, Liège, Belgique
Favoris / Favoritos
Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center  
ORE - Hydrologie du Bassin Amazonien
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change  
Environnement et Paléoenvironnements Océaniques
Global Carbon Project  
Chemical Oceanography Unit
Integrated Carbon Observation System  
Laboratório de Potamologia Amazônica
CarboEurope Integrated Project
Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia
The Encyclopedia of Earth  
WWF Science
Bilan Carbone - site de l'ADEME  
Cartes anciennes